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The Role of Optometrist in Eye Care The first contact for ocular conditions is the optometrist. The optometrist is the link between the patient and an ophthalmologist. The realization of the impact of uncorrected refractive error has provided optometry to play a major role in the practice of ophthalmology and alleviating vision loss for those in most need. They play an important role in integrating optometry for prevention of blindness. The major providers of vision correction have been the optometrists. In clinical practice, an optometrist examines the degree and nature of eye problems and diseases. The medical history of a patient they take and note down their visual needs. Uncorrected refractive error is the second leading cause of treatable blindness. Usually optometrists play a major role in correcting refractive errors. To children and adults they perform various eye tests. They provide low vision aids, vision therapy and rehabilitation to correct and conserve vision in patients with subnormal vision.
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They assess and measure the amount of deviation of the eyes. To determine the depth perception, ocular motility disorders and the ability to focus and coordinate eyes they also perform tests. After checking the intra ocular pressure an optometrist can be the first person to diagnose glaucoma. A patient who is concerned about their vision can visit a community optometrist as the first one. Apart from correcting refractive errors they supervise dispensing of prescriptions for corrective glasses also. By fitting prosthetic lenses or cosmetic shells, optometrists provide cosmetic support to patients who have disfigured eyes.
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An optometrist will examine the eyes of a patient, test their sight and give advice on visual problems. They also prescribe and fit spectacles or contact lenses when need be. There are different types of optometrist. High street optometrists who carry out eye examinations, give advice on eye problems and prescribe spectacles or contact lenses are there. There are hospital or clinic optometrists. To treat and manage patients with a range of eye conditions these ones work alongside ophthalmologists. Laboratory or university optometrists, the last group is. Into diseases treatments that can help improve or restore eyesight they usually undertake research. Usually, optometrists write referral letters to other doctors or liaise with other medical practitioners and at times share the care of patients with chronic ophthalmic conditions. They also examine patients’ eyes to detect signs of injury, disease, abnormality or vision defects. Of the signs and symptoms of other general health conditions such as diabetes they should be so that they can understand eye problems that are related to them. There has been an increasing demand for optometrists to become an ideal foil for ophthalmologist so as to provide the best eye care for the people with visual disabilities.